Mercedes-Benz 260 D

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Mercedes-Benz 260 D
1938 Mercedes-Benz 260 D
ClassFull-size sedan
Body style(s)4-door sedan
Engine(s)2545 cc overhead valve, 4 cylinder inline
Transmission(s)three speed gearbox with overdrive (Nullserie), four speed with synchromesh on all ratios from 1937.
Wheelbase3050 mm (120.1 in)
Length4390 mm (172.8 in)
Width1630 mm (64.2 in)
Curb weight1530 kg (3377 lbs)
Fuel capacity38L (10 US gal./8.4 UK gal.)
ManualService Manual

The Mercedes-Benz 260 D was the first diesel engined production passenger car and was introduced in 1936. It was named in reference to its engine's cubic capacity. Nearly 2,000 vehicles were assembled until 1940, when the Daimler-Benz group had to devote itself entirely to military manufacture.

The 2545 cc overhead valve, 4 cylinder engine employed the Bosch diesel injection system and produced 45 bhp (34 kW) at 3000 rpm. The car weighed approximately 1530 kg and could attain a top speed of 95 km/h.

The chassis was based on contemporary Mercedes technology and had transverse leaf spring independent front suspension and swing axles at the rear. The brakes were hydraulic. A range of body types were made including saloons, landaulettes and cabriolets.

Two series were manufactured, 170 pullman-landaulets used only as taxis based on the W21 chassis, called the Nullserie from 1936 to 1937, with a three speed plus overdrive transmission, without syncromesh on the first gear, and, from 1937 on, the regular production 260D based on the W143 chassis, with a four speed fully synchronized transmission.

A surviving example of the car is displayed at the Mercedes-Benz museum in Germany.