Mercedes-Benz A-Class

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Mercedes-Benz A-Class
Facelift W169
Automotive industryMercedes-Benz
Parent companyDaimler-Benz
DaimlerChrysler AG (from 1998)
Daimler AG (from 2007)
Production1997–present
AssemblyRastatt, Germany
Car classificationCompact car
Automobile layoutFF layout
RelatedMercedes-Benz B-Class

The Mercedes-Benz A-Class is a Compact car produced by the Germany Automaker Mercedes-Benz. The first generation (W168) was introduced in 1997 and a redesign (W169) appeared in 2004. It is available as a three or five-door Hatchback. It is Mercedes' entry level model in most of its worldwide markets, though not in North America; the B-Class is the entry model in Canada and Mexico, and the C-Class is the entry model in the United States.

Contents

History


W168

Mercedes-Benz A-Class W168
2004 Mercedes-Benz W169 A200
Production1997–2004
Car body style5-door Hatchback
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W168
Internal combustion engine1.6L Straight-4
1.7L Straight-4
1.9L Straight-4
2.1L Straight-4
Wheelbase2,423 mm (95.4 in)
Length3,606 mm (142.0 in)
Width1,719 mm (67.7 in)
Height1,587 mm (62.5 in)

Production of the W168 A-Class began in 1997. It was also the first Front wheel drive passenger car from Mercedes-Benz. Its front engine, front wheel drive layout was quite unusual for Mercedes. To date, about 1.6 million units have been sold worldwide.[1]

One innovation of the W168 was a frontal-impact absorption system called the "Sandwich" (see patents DE4326 9 and DE4400132 in the name of Mercedes-Benz). In the event of a violent frontal impact, the engine and transmission would slide underneath the floor below the pedals rather than entering the passenger compartment.

The W168 became infamous in 1997 after flipping over during the traditional "Moose test" performed by the Swedish automobile publication Teknikens Värld. According to the report, the W168 overturned when maneuvering to avoid the "moose". Mercedes initially denied the problem, but then took the surprising step of recalling all units sold to date (2,600) and suspending distribution until the problem was solved by adding Electronic stability control and modifying the suspension. This marked the world première of stability control in a small car.

Specifications


W168

Specification A160 CDI (1998-2000) A160 CDI (2000) A170 CDI (1998-2000) A170 CDI (2000) A140 A160 A190 (2000) A210 Evo (2000)
Rated Output 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) 55 kW (75 PS; 74 hp) 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp) 60 kW (82 PS; 80 hp) 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp) 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) 103 kW (140 PS; 138 hp)
Motor 1.7L Diesel1.7L Diesel1.7L Diesel1.7L Diesel1.4L Petrol1.6L Petrol1.9L Petrol2.1L Petrol

W169 features


Mercedes-Benz A-Class W169
2004 Mercedes-Benz W169 A200
Production2004–present
Car body style5-door Hatchback
3-door Hatchback
Automobile layoutFF layout
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W169
Internal combustion engine1.6L Diesel engine Straight-4
1.8L Diesel Straight-4
2.0L Diesel Straight-4
1.5L Straight-4
1.7L Straight-4
2.0L Straight-4
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission
6-speed Manual transmission
Continuously variable transmission
Length2004-08: 3,838 mm (151.1 in)
2009- 3,883 mm (152.9 in)
Width1,764 in (44805.6 mm)
Height1593 mm (62.7 in)

Driving assistance

The car is designed according to Mercedes-Benz concept of 'Touch And Feel' (TAF).

The multi-function Steering wheel places controls for the radio, telephone, and other systems conveniently within reach of the thumbs of the driver. Power steering (standard feature) aids control of the automobile, with its behaviour varying according to the vehicle's speed.

The Mercedes COMAND APS is a navigation system which provides directions via GPS. The radio unit also provides DVD and telephone functionality, with various versions available (standard Audio 20 radio/single CD, Audio 50 APS or COMAND APS).

The Parktronic system provides audio and visual signals to indicate how far the car is from an obstacle.

The A-class optionally includes a "Light & Sight" package which includes Bi-xenon HID headlamp with gas-discharge bulbs; cornering lights (main-beam headlamps at road junctions and tight corners); "Headlamp Assist, which automatically turns on the lights when needed; and a Rain sensor that adjusts Windscreen wiper speed depending on rainfall intensity.

As a standard feature, when entering a tunnel or an underground garage the car goes into "tunnel mode", where all windows and the panoramic sliding Sunroof are closed.

Temperature control

The standard temperature control system has separate temperature settings for driver and front passenger sides, and includes a "Heater Booster System" that can flood the interior of the car with hot air.

The optional Themotronic system maintains and regulates the temperature in accordance with a set of Sensors that measure temperature, sunlight, humidity and pollutant levels in the ambient air.

Safety

A number of new features were made available in the W169 model.

The biggest was the immediate fitment of a newly invented device, Electronic Stability Control. ESP is standard on every Mercedes-Benz (produced after 1999).

The car is constructed with high-strength steel alloys with bonded joints. It has a large number of Airbag including optional rear side airbags (for side-impacts in the backseats), optional side-curtain airbags, and standard head and thorax-protection side airbags. The front airbags are adaptive with two-stage gas generators operating according to the severity of accident.

The force exerted by the seat belt system during a collision adapts dynamically depending upon the collision characteristics. The 'active' head restraints (standard for driver and front passenger) give enhanced protection from neck injury, especially during rear collisions.

The angle of the A-pillar is flatter than the Windshield angle.

Facelifted A-Class W169

Passenger and cargo space

The cargo capacity of the W169 was increased by 15 percent compared with the W168. The seats can be moved and configured in various ways:

  • EASY-ENTRY: Front seats slides forwards with the backrest folded forwards to afford the rear seat passengers more room for getting in and out. (standard on three-door)
  • EASY-VARIO: Both rear-seat cushion sections are folded forward, while the luggage compartment floor can be set to one of two different heights. (standard on five-door; optional on three-door)
  • EASY-VARIO-PLUS: Both rear-seat cushion and the front passenger seat are folded forward. Increases load capacity to as much as 1995 litres. (optional on five-door)

Engine and drive system

Seven types of motors are available, and all are Straight-4: four Petrol (gasoline) (A150, A170, A200, A200Turbo) and three Diesel (160CDI, 180CDI, 200CDI) partnered with either 5 or 6-speed Manual gearbox. A Continuously variable transmission system called "Autotronic Constantly Variable Transmission" (CVT) is an optional feature.

The petrol A200 Turbo provides 193 hp (144 kW) and 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) of Torque (rotational force); the diesel A200 CDI has 140 hp (104 kW) and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft).

It is estimated that the W169 engines provide a 40% increase in power and a 10% decrease in fuel consumption compared to W168 engines.

The most powerful model can take the car from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 8.0 seconds, and has a top speed of 227 km/h (141 mph).

The newly developed direct-injection CDI diesel units use a common-rail direct injection system that improves fuel consumption and reduces exhaust emissions and Noise levels.

All the engines meet the tight EU4 emissions limits. A particulate filter system is available as an option for the diesel units which reduces the particulate emissions by about 99% without the need for additives.

The A-Class is a Front wheel drive car and features Traction control (ASR) as standard, as well as Electronic stability control and Anti-lock brakes (ABS).

Car handling is improved by precision tracking and anti-roll support, and by a Parabolic Rear Axle.

A "Selective Damping System", in which the shock absorber forces respond differently according to conditions, is standard. For example, under normal conditions it operates at soft absorption; while cornering at speed it changes to full damping force.

The W169 optionally comes with light-alloy wheels, with a run-flat feature, Tirefit tire sealant and a tire-pressure-loss warning device.

Tire sizes are:

  • 185/65 R 15 with wheel trim (classic model)
  • 185/65 R 15 light-alloy wheels (elegance model)
  • 195/55 R 16 light-alloy wheels (avantgarde model)

2009 A-Class revision

The 2009 A-Class features redesigned front and rear bumpers, new tail lamps and headlights, new grille, new exterior mirrors, a restyled interior design and new upholsteries and colors. The 2009 A-Class was released alongside the refreshed 2009 M-Class and B-Class. The car is also available with Active Park Assist, which enables the car to parallel park itself, with throttle and brake input still required from the driver.

Facelifted A-Class W169

Initial advertising campaign for the W169

A four-day, seven-country tour which officially introduced the car culminated in an event in Milan, in the Castello Sforzesco, where all the touring units were received by a myriad of European personalities from Music, Fashion, Sport and Movies. Armani presented a fashion show and Christina Aguilera did a live performance of her song "Hello (Christina Aguilera)", composed exclusively for the occasion.

The W169 advertising campaign included television spots with Christina Aguilera, Giorgio Armani and Boris Becker.

File:Mercedes-Benz A-Class F-Cell--DC.jpg
Mercedes-Benz A-Class F-Cell concept

Electric versions

The "E-mobility Berlin" project will see Daimler deploy a fleet of over 100 second-generation Smart ED and Mercedes A-Class cars powered by Lithium ion batteries [2].

Production

Sales of the W169 were targeted at 50,000 units in 2004. Dr. Joachim Schmidt, Executive Vice President Sales and Marketing, Mercedes Car Group, said that target had been reached even before vehicles arrived in dealer showrooms.

DaimlerChrysler invested EUR 900 million in developing the Rastatt plant where the A-Class is produced, and created 1600 new jobs (for a total of 4700). A further 600 people work on the industrial estate at the plant site.

In 1999, Mercedes Benz opened, in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais (Brazil), its first factory in South America dedicated to passenger cars, with an investment of United States dollar 840 million and 10,000 employees. The factory initially produced A-Class and C-Class models, assembling them from pieces manufactured in Germany. The target for the cars was regional markets (from Argentina to Mexico) with modifications made to the cars to suit local conditions, like a protection for the motor base for the mostly poor roads in South America. In 2005 the factory stopped production of A-Class cars.

Profitability and impact on the Mercedes-Benz brand

Mercedes-Benz has made a number of confusing announcements - first that a "weak Euro" could have produce costs problems[1] and later that the "fall of the United States dollar" will cause the enterprise to not be profitable [2].

According to some analyses[3], Mercedes-Benz considers the creation of the A-Class to have reduced its prestige in Europe, and the company has concentrated its efforts on its larger and more profitable vehicle lines.

W169

Specification A160 CDI A180 CDI A200 CDI A150 A170 A200 turbo
Length 3,838 mm (151.1 in)3,838 mm (151.1 in)3,838 mm (151.1 in)3,838 mm (151.1 in)3,838 mm (151.1 in)3,838 mm (151.1 in)
Width 1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,764 mm (69.4 in)
Height 1,593 mm (62.7 in)1,593 mm (62.7 in)1,595 mm (62.8 in)1,593 mm (62.7 in)1,593 mm (62.7 in)1,595 mm (62.8 in)
Wheelbase 2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,568 mm (101.1 in)
Luggage (l) 435-1995435-1995435-1995435-1995435-1995435-1995
(3 doors) 435-1485435-1485435-1485435-1485435-1485435-1485
Empty weight (5-doors) 1,325 kg (2,921 lb)1,345 kg (2,965 lb)1,365 kg (3,009 lb)1,225 kg (2,701 lb)1,240 kg (2,734 lb)1,305 kg (2,877 lb)
(3 doors) 1,300 kg (2,866 lb)1,320 kg (2,910 lb)1,340 kg (2,954 lb)1,195 kg (2,635 lb)1,210 kg (2,668 lb)1,275 kg (2,811 lb)
Tank Capacity 54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)
Tank Reserve 6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)
Cylinders 4/in-line 4-valv/cyl4/in-line 4-valv/cyl4/in-line 4-valv/cyl4/in-line 2-valv/cyl4/in-line 2-valv/cyl4/in-line 2-valv/cyl
Displacement cc 199119911991149816992034
Motor 2.0L Diesel2.0L Diesel2.0L Diesel1.5L Petrol1.7L PetrolPetrol
Fuel per 100 km 4.9L5.2L5.4L6.2L6.6L7.2L
Rated Output kW/hp (rpm) 60/82 (4200)80/109 (4200)103/140 (4200)70/95 (5200)85/116 (5500)142/193 (4850)
Rated Torque 180 N·m (130 ft·lbf) (1400-2600)250 N·m (180 ft·lbf) (1600-2600)300 N·m (220 ft·lbf) (1600-2600)140 N·m (100 ft·lbf) (3500-4000)155 N·m (114 ft·lbf) (3500-4000)280 N·m (210 ft·lbf) (1800-4850)
Acceleration 0-100 km/h (sec) 15.010.89.512.610.98.0
Top Speed km/h 170 km/h (110 mph)186 km/h (116 mph)201 km/h (125 mph)175 km/h (109 mph)188 km/h (117 mph)227 km/h (141 mph)
Transmission 5-speed manual6-speed manual6-speed manual5-speed manual5-speed manual6-speed manual
Wheels 6j x 156j x 156j x 166j x 156j x 156j x 16
Tires 185/65R15185/65R15195/55R16185/65R15185/65R15195/55R16

W168 vs. W169

Specification W169 (5 door) W168 (standard)
length 3,838 mm (151.1 in) 3,606 mm (142.0 in)
width 1,764 mm (69.4 in)1,719 mm (67.7 in)
height 1,593 mm (62.7 in)1,587 mm (62.5 in)
wheelbase 2,568 mm (101.1 in)2,423 mm (95.4 in)
VDA boot capacity L 435-1370390-1190

References

  1. Mercedes-Benz A Class 10th Anniversary Edition at Frankfurt 2007 — AutoBlog.
  2. http://www.autobloggreen.com/2008/09/05/daimler-announces-deal-with-rwe-500-berlin-charging-points-lit/

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