Mercedes-Benz E-Class

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E-Class redirects here. For Chrysler's Badge engineering version of the Dodge 600 sold from 1983-1984, see Chrysler E-Class.
Mercedes-Benz E-Class
2003-06 Mercedes-Benz E-Class sedan (US)
Automotive industryMercedes-Benz
Magna Steyr (4MATIC only)
Parent companyDaimler-Benz
DaimlerChrysler (1998-2007)
Daimler AG (2008-Present)
Production1984–present
PredecessorMercedes-Benz W123
Car classificationMid-size Luxury car
Executive car
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Rear-wheel drive/Four-wheel drive
W124
W124 Mercedes-Benz E-Class Wagon
Production1984–1995
AssemblySindelfingen, Germany
Bremen (city)
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
2-door Coupe
2-door Convertible
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W124
Internal combustion engine3.2L 217 hp (162 kW) I6

4.2L 275 hp (205 kW) V8

5.0L 315 hp (235 kW) (USA) 326 hp (243 kW) (Europe) V8
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
WheelbaseSedan & Wagon: 110.2 in (2799 mm)
Coupe: 106.9 in (2715 mm)
LengthWagon: 188.2 in (4780 mm)
Sedan: 187.2 in (4755 mm)
Coupe: 183.9 in (4671 mm)
Width68.5 in (1740 mm)
E500 Sedan: 70.7 in (1796 mm)
HeightWagon: 59.8 in (1519 mm)
Sedan: 56.3 in (1430 mm)
Coupe: 55.5 in (1410 mm)
Convertible: 54.8 in (1392 mm)
E500 Sedan: 55.4 in (1407 mm)
Curb weight3927 lb (500E)
3826 lb (400E)
W210
1996-99 Mercedes-Benz W210 E-Class sedan (North America)
Production1995–2002
AssemblyGraz, Austria
Sindelfingen, Germany
Bremen (city)
Sindelfingen, Germany
Zuffenhausen, Germany
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W210
Internal combustion engine3.0L 174 hp (130 kW) Straight-6
3.2L 217 hp (162 kW) V6
4.3L 275 hp (205 kW) V8
3.2L 221 hp (165 kW) V6 [V8] 5.4L
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Automatic transmission
5-speed Manual transmission
6-speed Manual transmission
Wheelbase111.5 in (2832 mm)
LengthSedan: 189.4 in (4811 mm)
Wagon: 190.0 in (4826 mm)
Width70.8 in (1798 mm)
HeightSedan: 56.7 in (1440 mm)
Wagon: 59.3 in (1506 mm)
AMG Sedan: 56.9 in (1445 mm)
W211
2007 W211 Mercedes-Benz E320 Bluetec (US)
Production2003–present
AssemblySindelfingen, Germany
Bremen (city)
Sindelfingen, Germany, Stuttgart, Germany
Zuffenhausen, Germany
Graz, Austria
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Cairo, Egypt
Pekan, Malaysia
Tehran, Iran
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W211
Internal combustion engine2.6L 168 hp (125 kW) V6
3.2L 201 hp (150 kW) I6
3.5L 268 hp (200 kW) V6
5.0L 302 hp (225 kW) V8
5.4L 469 hp (350 kW) V8
6.2L 507 hp (378 kW) V8
3.2L 221 hp (165 kW) V6
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Automatic transmission
7-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase112.4 in (2855 mm)
Length2003-04 Sedan: 190.3 in (4834 mm)
2005-06 Sedan: 189.7 in (4818 mm)
2007-Present Sedan: 191.0 in (4851 mm)
2004-06 Wagon: 191.7 in (4869 mm)
2007-Present Wagon: 192.3 in (4884 mm)
Width2003-04: 71.3 in (1811 mm)
2005-present: 71.7 in (1821 mm)
Height2003-06 Sedan: 57.0 in (1448 mm)
2007-Present Sedan: 58.4 in (1483 mm)
2007-Present Wagon: 59.3 in (1506 mm)
2004-Present Wagon: 58.9 in (1496 mm)
AMG: 57.2 in (1453 mm)
RelatedMercedes-Benz CLS-Class

The Mercedes-Benz E-Class is a range of Executive car cars manufactured by Mercedes-Benz in various engine and body configurations. The E initially stood for Einspritzung, (German for Fuel injection); a new feature in volume production vehicles at the time that the E-Class first appeared, with the E as a suffix to the engine nomenclature (e.g. 220E) in the 1950s. It was not until the launch of the facelifted W124 that the E was used as a prefix (i.e. E220) and the model referred to officially as the E-Class (or E-Klasse). Due to the E-Class' size and durability, the cars also frequently serve as taxis in European countries, and Mercedes-Benz offers a taxi specification as well as other special-purpose vehicles (e.g. police or ambulance modifications) from the factory.[1]

Contents

General information


The 400E and 500E went into production on August 6, 1991, as 1992 models.

The 1994 E500 production ended on June 24, 1994.

Production of the 1995 E-Class W124 ended on May 23, 1995.

Production of the 1996 E-Class began on July 17, 1995.

Production of the 2002 E-Class ended on February 20, 2002.

Production of the 2003 E-Class began on May 13, 2002.

Through time the E-Class has been built in:

  • RWD: Sindelfingen, Germany
  • 1986-1995 Wagons: Bremen (city) & Sindelfingen, Germany
  • 500E/E500/E55 AMG: Zuffenhausen, Germany & Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1990-????: Malaysia
  • 1993-????, 2005-present: Thailand (by Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Co., Ltd.)
  • 1993: Philippines
  • 1995-present: Pune, India (for the Indian market) Joint-venture signed in 1994 with TELCO, India for manufacture of Mercedes Cars in India. First Indian made E220 bowed in 1995.
  • 1996: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [1]
  • 1998-present 4MATIC: Graz, Austria (by Magna Steyr)
  • 2006-present: Pekan, Malaysia (by Malaysia Truck and Bus Sdn Bhd (MTB) of DRB-HICOM)
  • 2006-present: Iran (by Top Khodro, a joint venture with Iran Khodro Diesel, for the Iranian market)
  • 2006-present: Beijing, China (by Beijing-Benz DaimlerChrysler Automotive for the Chinese market)

History


W120 'Ponton'

See Mercedes-Benz W120 for details

The first modern mid size Mercedes was the Mercedes-Benz W120 of 1953. Sharing its engineering with the Mercedes-Benz R121 190SL of 1955, the Ponton was a stylish sedan with Straight-4 power. A larger-engined Mercedes-Benz W121 appeared in 1958.

W110 'Fintail'

See Mercedes-Benz W110 for details

Mercedes added tailfins to both the big S-Class and the new W110 'Fintail' 190 of 1962. Straight-6 power appeared for the first time in the 1965 230 model, and the fours grew in displacement that year as well.

W114/W115 'Stroke-8'

See Mercedes-Benz W114 for details

The mid size Mercedes was redesigned in 1968 as the W114/W115 'Stroke-8'. This time, the 6-cylinder models (The W114s) were most prevalent, with the W115 line making up the bottom of the company's offerings with four- and Straight-5 power. Diesel engines joined the line-up, as did a Coupé body.

W123

See Mercedes-Benz W123 for details

The popular W123 quickly became a best-seller on its launch in 1977. Especially in Diesel 240D (and later 300D) guises, the cars enhanced the company's reputation for product quality. Over 2.3 million examples were produced until the end of production in 1985.

Saloon/Sedan, Coupé and Estate body configurations were offered.

W124

See Mercedes-Benz W124 for details

The 'E-Class' name first appeared in the USA with the face-lifted W124 in 1994 (the w124 was introduced in the US in 1986 but continued with the older models naming convention until 1994, when all Mercedes Benz models switched to a new system i.e. E320 instead of 300E). The 300D continued to be the fuel economy option over the 4 and 6 cylinder gasoline engines, and the gasoline V8 engine (available after 1992) increased gasoline power outputs further. The V8 powered sedans/saloons were named 400E/500E from 1992-1993, and E420/E500 after 1993. Likewise, the 3-liter cars (e.g., '300E') where also re-badged to 'E320' with the new 3.2 Litre Internal combustion engine and naming rationalization of 1994. For a short period Mercedes offered a limited production sport version of the W124, created with and assembled by Porsche. This was called the 500E.

Saloon/Sedan, Coupé, Convertible and Estate body configurations were offered.

W210

See Mercedes-Benz W210 for details

The W210 E-Class, was launched in 1996. Four and six-cylinder models in gasoline and diesel were offered in a range of capacities. Saloon/Sedan and Estate body configurations were offered.In engineering of 1995,W210 E-class and Oldsmobile Aurora are stiffest cars in the world.

In September 1999 the W210 E-class was face lifted. This included visual, mechanical and quality improvements addressing issues raised by earlier versions.

W211

See Mercedes-Benz W211 for details

Launched in 2002, the W211 E-Class was another evolution of the previous model and was considered by the motoring media as an even more competitive offering to the long term rival BMW 5-Series (which previously was the preferred choice of the motoring media). The E-Class, as well as several other Mercedes Models for the 02-03 years, are known to have radiator contamination leaks which could lead to transmission failure. This problem is known by Mercedes-Benz, although they offer little assistance on the matter and have not been recalled. Before North America sales began, the car was shown in the 2002 in film Men In Black II.

The W211-based W219 CLS-Class 4-door Coupé was introduced as a niche model in 2005, primarily to attract a younger demographic.

The W211 E-Class was face lifted in 2006 to address quality and technical issues raised by earlier models. The largest factory built engine in the E-class range is the E500 (badged E550 in the U.S.) which had its engine size increased from 5 litres to 5.5 litres in 2006 along with the facelift. There is also an AMG model badged E63 AMG and other tuning house installations.

Mercedes-Benz introduced their BlueTec Diesel system to the E-Class at the 2006 North American International Auto Show as the E320 CDI BlueTec. BlueTec is a two-phase system for cleaning diesel emissions. The first phase makes the E320 CDI legal in 45 of the 50 United States (plus the Washington, D.C.). The second phase uses Urea for further reductions to meet the more stringent standards of California, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, and Vermont. Sales of E320 CDI BlueTec began in autumn 2006 as a 2007 model, but 50-state legal models with urea injection will not be introduced until the 2009 model year.

W212

See Mercedes-Benz W212 for details

http://www.mercedes-benz.de/content/germany/mpc/mpc_germany_website/de/home_mpc/passengercars/home/new_cars/models/e-class/w212.flash.html#chapter=1

The W212 will replace the W211 in 2009. Official photos of the W212 have been leaked on the internet on the 9th December, 2008 ahead of its 2009 Geneva Motor Show unveiling.[2] Scans of a leaked brochure have been posted onto the internet in January 2009, detailing the whole E-Class range including the new E 200 CGI and E 230 CGI with direct injected forced inducted engines.[3]

Awards


The Mercedes-Benz E-Class was Motor Trend's Car of the Year for 1996.

The Brabus E V12

German automotive tuner Brabus makes a modified E class with a modified version of the S600's V12 engine powering it. Sold as the Brabus E V12, it is the fastest four-door sedan in he world according to the Guinness Book of World Records, until the introduction of the Brabus Rocket based on the CLS which is now the fastest four-door cer in the world. The 640 hp (480 kW) E V12 has a top speed of 211 mph (340 km/h) and a 0-60 mph acceleration time of 4.1 seconds.


References

External links

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