Mercedes-Benz M-Class

From Mercedes Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Mercedes-Benz M-Class
2002 Mercedes-Benz ML55 AMG
Automotive industryMercedes-Benz
Parent companyDaimler AG
Production1997–present
Car classificationMid-size Sport utility vehicle
Car body style4-door SUV
Automobile layoutFront-engine design, Four-wheel drive

The Mercedes-Benz M-Class is a Mid-size Sport utility vehicle (SUV) with light off-road capability, first offered in 1997 as a 1998 model, and built by the Germany automaker Mercedes-Benz. It marked a shift at Mercedes-Benz in becoming a global player; while it had plants outside Germany before, they merely built Germany models. Gradually, the M-Class became a sales success in the United States and Mexico. In size, it is slotted below the GL-Class. For a short time, between the years 1999 to 2002, the M class was built by Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria, for the European market, until it moved to part of the U.S. market.

Contents

W163 (1998-2005)


W163
1998-2001 Mercedes-Benz ML
Model year1998–2005
AssemblyTuscaloosa, Alabama, United States
Graz, Austria (1999-2002)
Car classificationMid-size Luxury Sport utility vehicle
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W163
Internal combustion engine2.3 L Straight-4 (150 hp only manual)
2.7 L Straight-5 (Diesel)
3.2 L V6
3.7 L V6
4.3 L V8
5.0 L V8
5.5 L V8
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission
5-speed Automatic transmission
Wheelbase111.0 in (2819 mm)
Length1998-2002: 180.6 in (4587 mm)
AMG: 182.5 in (4636 mm)
2003-05: 182.6 in (4638 mm)
Width1998-2002: 72.2 in (1834 mm)
AMG: 74.6 in (1895 mm)
2003-05: 72.4 in (1839 mm)
Height1998-2002: 69.9 in (1775 mm)
AMG: 69.3 in (1760 mm)
2003-05: 71.7 in (1821 mm)
Curb weight4,614 lb (2,093 kg)
Fuel capacity22 US gal (83 L; 18 imp gal)

The M-Class was the first Luxury SUV to feature Stability control, a system designed to detect loss of control and instantaneously intervene with selective braking to bring the vehicle back on its intended course. This system is now hailed by safety experts, and studies have shown stability control and systems like it are capable of reducing single vehicle crashes by up to 30 percent. Furthermore, the M-Class boasted front- and side-impact airbags with advanced occupant detection for the front passenger seat, which, combined with Mercedes' legendary safety structure, earned the M-Class the highest marks in insurance industry crash tests.

A road test on the BBC programme Top Gear (original format) revealed that the presenter, Jeremy Clarkson, could put his fingers into the gap below the rear lights and above the rear bumper. This improved over the years, especially after a mild facelift for 2002. However, owners are often unhappy with the car's quality — for example, the car was placed last out of 142 cars in the Top Gear Motoring Survey 2004. DaimlerChrysler spent United States dollar600 million on improvements at the Alabama factory before launching the second-generation ML in 2005.

The modified W163 that appears in Steven Spielberg's movie The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997).

Before the vehicle was launched, Mercedes-Benz allowed the producers to use two pre-production M-Class SUVs in the film The Lost World: Jurassic Park, and used the vehicle's appearance in the film as a way to advertise it when it was launched. As a result, a Mercedes-Benz ad appears before the film on original VHS copies of the film.

Major model variants have included the ML320, ML350, ML430, ML500, ML550 and ML55, along with the Straight-4 ML230 and the Turbodiesel ML270 CDI and ML400 CDI in Europe. The ML55, or ML55 AMG, featured a V8 engine made by AMG, modified body-work, and other performance features. The ML350 replaced the ML320 as the base model in the United States in 2004, although the ML320 CDI is sold in states where emissions regulations allow.

The M-Class was Motor Trend magazine's Motor Trend Car of the Year for 1998. The ML320 was voted the 1998 North American Car of the Year at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit, in January 1998.

Pope Benedict XVI in his 2002 ML430 Popemobile

The current Popemobile is based on a W163 ML430 and has been in service since July 2002.[1] VW had offered to build a new vehicle based on the Touareg, but Pope Benedict XVI opted to continue using his predecessor's Mercedes-Benz-manufactured vehicle.[2]

W164 (2006-present)


W164
2008 Mercedes-Benz M-Class
Model year2006–present
AssemblyTuscaloosa, Alabama, United States
Car classificationMid-size Luxury Sport utility vehicle
Automobile platformMercedes-Benz W164
Internal combustion engine3.5 L V6
5.0 L V8
4.6 L V8
5.5 L V8
6.2 L V8
3.0 L V6 Diesel
4.0 L V8 Diesel
Transmission (mechanics)7-speed automatic
Wheelbase114.7 in (2913 mm)
Length4788 mm (188.5 in)
AMG: 189.8 in (4821 mm)
Width1910 mm (75.2 in)
AMG: 76.8 in (1951 mm)
Height1815 mm (71.5 in)
AMG: 73.3 in (1862 mm)
Curb weight2150 kg (4740 lb)
Fuel capacity25.1 US gal (95 L; 21 imp gal)
RelatedMercedes-Benz GL-Class

The redesigned M-class (chassis name W164) was introduced to the public in April 2005 as a 2006 model after showing at the North American International Auto Show in January. It is almost entirely new, with a more sporting, aerodynamic look—the Coefficient of drag is down to 0.34. Mercedes-Benz has also made the new M-class larger, measuring 150 mm longer than the first model. The M-Class was named "Best New Sport Utility Vehicle" in the 2006 Canadian Car of the Year awards. The back was commonly referred as a shoebox so DaimlerChrysler spent most of their $600 million dollars on redesigning that part.

Mercedes-Benz extensively publicized the United States dollar600 million that was spent to update their factory and add additional manufacturing space for the new R-Class. According to early automotive press reports, the 2006 M-Class vehicles demonstrate vast improvements in build quality.

The W164 Automobile platform used for the new M-Class is shared with the new GL-Class and is a Unibody type rather than the former (W163) body-on-frame used by the M-Class vehicles produced from 1998-2005. The X164 GL-CLass, a longer 7-seater version of the W164 platform, is also available.

New features in the 2006 M-Class include the 7G-Tronic seven-speed Automatic transmission, optional Active Curve-Illuminating Bi-Xenon headlights which "steer" in the path of the vehicle, and an adjustable-height air suspension. The Manual transmission has been dropped.

Multivalve engines are replacing the previous 3-valve SOHC V6 and current 3-valve V8:

  • ML350 - 3.5 L 4-valve V6, 272Hp(258 ft·lbf)
  • ML500 - 5.0 L 4-valve V8, 302HP
  • ML550 - 5.5 L 4-valve V8, 382HP(550 N·m)(North America)
  • ML63 AMG - 6.2 L 4-valve V8, 510HP (347 kW)
  • ML280 CDI - 3.0 L V6 Turbo Diesel, 190.4HP (325 ft·lbf)
  • ML320 CDI - 3.0 L V6 Turbo Diesel, 224HP (376 ft·lbf)
  • ML420 CDI - 4.0 L V8 Diesel, 306HP (700 N·m)

Models using Bluetec Diesel engine with urea injection will be introduced for the 2009 model year.

ML63 AMG

The AMG version of the W164, the ML63 AMG, was introduced at the 2006 North American International Auto Show as a limited edition 2007 model. It features a 6.2 L M156 V8 engine producing 510 hp (380 kW) and 465 lb·ft (630 N·m) that is handcrafted in Germany, which is the most powerful naturally aspirated V8 engine in the world and ever made. The engine is mated to an AMG Speedshift 7G-Tronic seven-speed Automatic transmission. The 2006 ML63 AMG can accelerate from 0-60 mph (96km/h) in just 4.8, or from 0-62mph (100km/h) in just 5.0 seconds. These impressive statistics displayed by the ML 63 AMG proclaim it as the fastest and most powerful naturally aspirated V8 engine powered SUV in the world, leaving the 2008 Porsche Cayenne Turbo S in second place.[3]

Facelift

The 2009 Mercedes-Benz M-Class got a minor face-lift as it debuts at the 2008 New York International Auto Show.

This face-lift includes new front headlights, redesigned front and rear bumpers, new exterior mirrors, a deeper front grille, restyled interior, and a new ML 420 CDI engine choice.

External links


References

Personal tools