Mercedes-Benz W180

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Mercedes-Benz W180
Automotive industryMercedes-Benz
Production1954-1959
84,645 built[1]
220a: 25,937
220 S Saloon: 55,279
220 S Cabr./Coupé: 3,429
Car classificationLuxury car
Car body style4-door Sedan (car)
2-door Coupe
2-door Convertible
Internal combustion engineStraight-6
See Mercedes-Benz E-Class for a complete overview of all E-Class models.

The Mercedes-Benz W180 is a 6-Cylinder (engine) Sedan (car), Coupé, and Convertible made from 1954 to 1959. The models associated with the W180 Chassis code were the 220a and 220S. The latter has often been identified as the first E-Class, though Mercedes-Benz did not officially adopt the E-Class nameplate for its midsize line until 1984. The W180 was one in a series of Mercedes-Benz models to receive the "Ponton" moniker. This was in reference to the unibody-type, pontoon-shaped exterior styling which was also featured on the later W128 line.

Contents

220a (W180 I)


Introduced in March, 1954, the 220a was a more luxurious and up-scale version of the Mercedes-Benz W120 model 180 with a wheelbase stretched by 170 mm (6.7 in) to accommodate the longer straight-6 engine taken from the W187 model 220, that in this application delivered 85 PS (84 hp/63 kW). Mechanically similar, but endowed with the shorter cabin, simpler trim and less chrome was the less pricey Mercedes-Benz W105 model 219. 220a production ended in April, 1956 with 25,937 units produced.

220S (W180 II)


The 220a was succeeded in March, 1956 by the 220S, which was externally almost identical, except for an additional chrome strip running along the front fenders and doors, but had an upgraded version of the 2.2L inline-six (100 PS (99 hp/74 kW), later 106 PS (105 hp/78 kW)).

In July, 1956 a Cabriolet (two doors, four seats) joined the line-up, in October, 1956 a Coupé version followed suit. Some Cabriolets were finished with folding rear seats to accommodate additional luggage.

Until October, 1959, 55,279 220S saloons and 3,429 Cabriolets and Coupés were built. At that time, these models were replaced by fuel-injected 220SE versions that officially bore the model code W128.



References/Sources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band 4. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5. 
  2. US prices: Mike Covello: Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002, Krause Publication, Iola 2002, ISBN 0-87341-605-8, p. 528-529
  • Werner Oswald: Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, vol. 4. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-613-02131-5, p. 31-38.

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